In a world without money,

There would be no banks. There’s no reason for them.

There would be no insurance. With no money, how would we insure things?

There would be no jobs, as we know them. Of course, you’d have plenty to do. But most of your life, you wouldn’t be behind a desk making money for someone else. Your job would be to provide for your family. If you weren’t a hunter, you’d use your trade to barter for food to provide for your family.

You would be forced to maximize your gifts, utilize your own value. There’s no reason not to see what you’re best at and develop skills that you never thought you’d need.

Gifts are more equal. Society still must move forward. We’d still need doctors, lawyers, cooks, and everything else. But there is no incentive to do anything other than what you are good at. The path of least resistance becomes the path that suits your strengths.

People are more equal. Social status becomes almost non-existent. Wealth does not transfer generation to generation to generation. We respect people because of what they have done, not what their parents did.

There would be no businesses. If the world was not money-centric, what would the point of businesses be?

There would be no stock market. You can’t buy shares of something that doesn’t exist with something that doesn’t exist.

God did not make money. He made paradise.

Caffeine, a symptom?

I think we’re getting closer to an answer here. You always hear about all the health benefits of coffee. Drink coffee and live longer. Drink coffee and stay sane. Coffee wards off Alzheimer’s. I can’t ignore these studies. They’re out there. We’ve written before about how it forces us to be present by increasing the stress of the current moment.

So let’s flip the script. Caffeine is a stimulant, but our choice to use it is a symptom. Of what? Lower brain entropy. So essentially, you being able to stomach four cups of coffee says much more about your ability to endure stress than you think.

If we assume that we all have different energy states, the lowest energy states can operate with more stimulation, or stress. So your ability to consume caffeine is more a symptom of your brain state than anything else.

It would explain why ‘Black people don’t drink coffee.’ Because remember, they have the smallest skulls of all.

So if we assume that the brain is system that strives for equilibrium. The further you are from your brain’s highest energy state, the more stress you can endure [without complications]. And the more room you have for entropy in your brain, the more coffee you can drink.



Truth beyond Beauty

Is beauty true? Yes. But it is fleeting. It’s not much more true than the weather. 

If someone is attractive, most anyone can pick them out of a lineup. It’s a quality that is hard to describe, but we know it when we see it.

So judging someone by their looks is not much different than judging them by the type of car that they drive. The current state is not indicative of the future. And in fact, that’s when beauty starts to fade, and become less true.

Beauty is true, but not for very long. If your confidence comes from your looks, you won’t be confident for very long. If you’re lucky, you’ll exist for a while after your looks fade. Where will your confidence come from?

While you will never be absolutely true, you can be true to yourself. Which is overstated, but never well-defined. Being true to your self is giving weight to the part of you that doesn’t change. The longer qualities have been a part of you, the truer they are. In the same way that time and reality are true to the universe as we know it, these qualities have been true of you. So if you can’t imagine realities without these qualities of yourself, you love them. And if you love the core qualities that make you you, you love yourself.

Man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart. 1 Samuel 16:7


Absolute Truth

Is true in every reality.

Not conditional truth. Like this coffee is good. I look good. I feel good.

What is always true?

Time is true. Reality is true. The past is true, and always true.

But reality had a beginning. Time had a beginning. And if reality began, so did history. Therefore, they are not absolutely true. The only thing that would be true in every reality, even before time and reality is God. So not only is God true, but he is literally the only thing that is absolutely true.

I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. -John 14:6

Size Matters: The Evolutionary Case for the Larger Nose

The race with the smallest skulls has the biggest noses. According to the rest of our theory, what does that mean? It means that the engine of the smaller brain gets hot more quickly, so a wider nose allows for greater airflow as well as less warming of the air.

Essentially, the warmer the climate, the larger the nose. But the climate doesn’t explain everything. There are plenty of people with big noses in cooler climates. 

Einstein was known for his huge nose. And he’s also famous for one of the most unique and powerful minds in the past 200 years. If you assume that his brain was more powerful than the average person, he’d need more airflow to support it. 

Peoples noses and ears grow throughout their lives. We’ll have to get into the ears later. What’s important here is that the nose can keep growing. 

The eyes cool the brain. We’re going to develop this idea in a future post. While I think there is evidence to support it, the eyes simply do not grow, so they cannot appropriately adapt the brain to greater stress. They do have another function that relieves stress, they can emit electromagnetic waves

The brain can get bigger. And it actually does until a certain point. People’s brains begin to shrink after their fortieth birthday. 

So yes, the climate matters. But not just the external climate. The internal climate as well. There are a couple of actions the body can take to neutralize the higher brain entropy: balding and a bigger nose.

What determines the solution? Let me remind you of all of our studies on eyesight. Essentially, poor eyesight is a symptom of high brain entropy. If you opted for glasses or contacts, you may force your body into a constant elevated state. The brain thinks it’s at equilibrium, but it’s not. So instead of increasing airflow [with nose enlargement], it reduces entropy by cooling the top of the head.



Untangling Facial Hair

How does facial hair fit into the theory? With our brain entropy theory, facial hair would be a way to heat up a brain that has gotten too cool.

Women rarely have it. Women have smaller heads.

Men’s doesn’t start until puberty. And It doesn’t grow on the nose, cheeks, or forehead.

Men have bigger noses. This would allow for greater airflow, and more brain cooling.

So if women have smaller heads and noses, pressure may not have the capacity to get as low as it could in men. Low pressure would need heat. And one way the body can add heat is to add facial hair.

So what else happens of note during male puberty? The voice deepens. This is significant, because if high entropy meant fast, low entropy would be slow. And slow when it comes to sound is deep.

If men are designed to endure more stress. To endure stress, you must have room in your brain. We would call that a low entropy state. A low entropy state would cause a deeper voice and facial hair. 



‘Precision under pressure’

We use this term is several of our recent posts. It’s an idea that needs further explanation.

I’ll start by summarizing our theory of time perception in the brain: proportional to stress. So the more stress, either external or internal, the slower time is perceived. There is not shortage of application or development of this theory in other posts. 

This is important because brain entropy is internal pressure. The more stress we put on athletes, mental or physical, the more brain entropy they have, and the slower they perceive time.

How does that apply to precision? Imagine your golf swing as a single fluid motion. If you are 50% accurate with your swing, about half the balls will go where you want them to. But if your swing has two motions, there is twice as much room for error. So the more thought you have in your swing, the less accurate it can be. And the more stressed you are, the slower time is for you. The more time for thought in the swing, and more room for error on the shot. Therefore, less stress equals less entropy equals faster time perception which equals more accurate movements over a longer period of time.

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This is why a swing will break down under pressure. And why a natural athlete needs to be aware of the fundamentals of their practice. Because in crunch time, things feel different. You have more time to swing, throw, or kick. So if you don’t know how to tune out the pressure or adjust to it, you will become unpredictable over time.

This is why practice is crucial. You practice to develop your skills but also tune them to each level of stress. If you casually hit tennis balls every day, you may not be match ready. There is more stress. And as the match wears on, you get more tired, which also increases stress.

With this in mind, you can start to see the advantage of a bigger brain. The bigger the brain, the greater the volume the athlete can reach without reaching the same level of entropy. There is essentially just more room for pressure.

And when pressure gets high, entropy gets high, and time gets slow. And when time gets slow, it gets harder and harder to accurately do the same thing over and over again with predictable results.


The Biggest Brain of All

Nearly every Olympics sees Chinese champions in certain events. They dominate ping pong, gymnastics, shooting, badminton, diving, and weight lifting. The question is why.

We recently explore the athletic head, and used it to explain the racial disparity of some sports. We then looked at the bigger head and used our model to predict and explain the advantages of having a bigger brain in sports. Well, the Chinese brain is the biggest of all. 

So why would the group with the biggest brains in the world dominate these sports?

Badminton and ping pong are repetitive and very precise repeated movements. A bigger brain helps make these movements more predictable over time.

More precision under even more pressure. Diving and gymnastics are choreographed. They come down to who can execute the most difficult routines with the most precision.

Even more sleep. With an even larger brain, it takes even longer to cool off.

Less muscle endurance. The brain uses more energy leaving less for the rest of the body.

Why do they dominate weightlifting? You would assume that the smaller brain with the best acceleration would be king here. It’s just not the case. 

So lets assume that you have two people that are the exact same strength and exact same weight. One has a larger brain. The lift itself becomes more of a choreographed dance at this point. The lifter who can have the best form, while staying relaxed will lift more weight. The smaller brain, although with a greater ability to accelerate, also has much more room for error. Under duress, the smaller brain could produce less predictable movements. Or worse form. The smaller brain would reach its pressure threshold first, leaving the larger brain the winner. 



The Advantages of the Bigger Brain in Sports

We recently explored the athletic head. What about the rest of us?

A bigger skull means a lower likelihood of stroke. The bigger the skull, the lower the chance of it reaching its pressure limit.

Better mental endurance. Thinking for longer periods of time.

More sleep required. More time will be needed to cool off this entropy. Even if the brain has the same theoretical temperature, the larger volume will take longer to cool off.

More precision in pressure. I always think of Tom Brady or Peyton Manning. If bigger brains play with more precision over time, it seems like atmosphere, time, and other conditions would not effect the large brains as much.

Better at repeatable movements over a long period of time. While the small brains fire more quickly, they also have less precision and endurance. I would look at the massive racial disparities in golf and tennis

I think we have to assume that economics alone do not explain this disparity. We have to assume that if there was a massive pool of untapped talent hiding in low-income communities, someone would’ve found it by now.  



Let’s look at home field advantage again with this in mind. The black-dominated sports have the biggest home field advantages. And the white-dominated sports have much less of an advantage at home. In that article, we said that it was the nature of the sport that was the difference in the home field advantage. I think there is more to the story.



So why is home field advantage so strong in the NBA?. Because speed and explosiveness come at a premium. It doesn’t matter if you have someone who literally has never missed a three-pointer in his life, if he can’t move and get the shot up quickly, he can’t play in the NBA. So if speed and explosiveness come at a premium, the fastest and most explosive people will likely be better at it. If I have a team of track stars and you have a team of shooters, we’ll win because we can run past the defense and shoot a higher percentage. We’d also have better close-out defense, and get more rebounds. So instead of having the absolute best shooters on the planet in the NBA, we have the best athletes that can shoot. 

Why is hockey so different? Why is its home field advantage so much less than basketball? Because explosiveness is undervalued. Apollo Ono could be on the ice but never make a huge difference. The rink is shorter, so there are fewer breakaways, and nobody leaves the ice. So jumping doesn’t matter.  Precision is important, but explosiveness is not premium. 

So the nature of the sport determines the type of athlete that is most valued. That value determines the type of brain that can perform best under the conditions of the sport. Those criteria determine which races dominate different sports. And those races determine the relative difference of home field advantage.